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What Causes a Bump to Form on Your Gums?

March 17, 2023

Filed under: Uncategorized — wedgewood @ 1:23 am
a person showing a bump on their gums

When you think of your oral health, what comes to mind? Many people just think of their teeth. While caring for them is essential for a thriving and healthy smile, your gums are just as important! They are susceptible to bacteria and plaque attacking them, causing inflammation or infection. Your gums can also form sores on them, which can be alarming. Read on to learn the causes of this abnormality and when it’s time to go see your dentist.

Common Reasons for a Bump on Your Gums

A bump on your gums can not only be annoying but also be concerning. Here are five of the most common causes of this condition:

  • A Canker sore: Canker sores are very common. It is a small ulcer that forms inside the mouth or gums. They usually go away on their own within a couple of weeks; however, they can cause discomfort while eating or drinking. You can take an over-the-counter pain reliever to help you manage it.
  • A Cyst: A small sack, typically filled with air, liquid, or some other soft materials, is a cyst. It can form around your gums and teeth and even the roots of buried or dead teeth. If it grows large enough, it can place pressure on your entire mouth and cause weakness in your jaw.
  • An Abscess: A periodontal (gum) abscess is a small collection of pus caused by a bacterial infection. It is quite painful and you will more than likely need to visit your dentist immediately so they can drain the abscess. If the infection goes untreated for too long,  you may need a root canal or tooth extraction.
  • Mandibular Torus: This condition can be a single or cluster of bony lumps in the upper or lower jaw. It is essentially a benign bone growth that appears on the inside of a lower jaw, around the tongue, or near the teeth. A mandibular torus typically feels hard and smooth and usually requires no treatment.
  • Oral Cancer: An uncomfortable bump on the oral soft tissues can also indicate a cancerous tumor. If you are completely unsure of the reason for your bump, it’s best to schedule an examination with your dentist. They will take samples of the growth and examine it for cancer cells. A customized treatment plan will be made based on the findings.

When Should You Go Visit Your Dentist?

The good news is that most bumps on gums are harmless! However, you should see a dentist right away if you notice any of the following:

  • Fever
  • Throbbing pain
  • A foul taste in the mouth or intensely bad breath
  • A sore that does not heal or becomes worse over time
  • Red or white patches inside your mouth or on your lips
  • A bleeding sore or lump

Your oral health is essential to your well-being. If you are not sure what the bump is on your gums, your dentist is there to help you determine the cause and return to a healthy, beautiful smile!

About the Author

Dr. Ryan Eskridge and his team at Wedgewood Complete Dentistry are eager to help keep your teeth and gums in top condition! He graduated from the Ohio State University College of Dentistry and has completed special trainings at prestigious institutions like The Dawson Academy. With almost two decades of experience, he offers a full range of services using advanced dental technology and customized plans, including emergency care. To schedule an appointment, contact him through his website or call (614) 792-0063.

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